Meiji Japan Review Worksheet

For full credit, answer the following questions as complete sentences.

  1. Give one fact about the Tokugawa Shogunate.
  2. Give one fact about the social structure during the Tokugawa Shogunate.
  3. In what year did U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry first arrive in Japan?
  4. Describe what is meant by "gunboat diplomacy."
  5. In your opinion, what do the Japanese "cartoonish" depictions of Perry say about how they probably viewed Westerners during this time period? What do you think was the cause of such wild distortions about the Western world?
  6. In what year was the first U.S. - Japanese trade agreement signed?
  7. List two provisions of this first trade agreement:
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    2.
  8. List two ways in which the Japanese favored this new contact with the West:
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    2.
  9. List two ways in which the Japanese did not like the new contact with the West:
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    2.
  10. Who were Kuniyoshi and Yoshitoshi? What was unique about their artwork?
  11. (Video) In your opinion, why did the arrival of modern printing techniques and the camera mean the end of ukyio-e woodblock printing?
  12. What was the name of the last Shogun?
  13. (Video) Why was the Tokugawa's isolation decrees disintegrate during the 19th Century? What societal factors influenced this change?
  14. (Video) In your opinion, was modernization in Japan inevitable? What influences made this change impact Japanese life during this time period?
  15. (Video) How long did the Tokugawa Shoguns rule Japan?
  16. What was the Boshin War?
  17. What city became the capital for the Meiji Emperor?
  18. What does "Meiji" mean?
  19. What was "restored" in the Meiji Restoration?
  20. What is the Japanese Diet?
  21. In what year was the new Meiji Constitution adopted?
  22. In your opinion, how effective was the Five Articles Oath of 1868 in addressing the needs of a quickly modernizing Japan? Are there any similarities to the United States Declaration of Independence? Explain in a few sentences.
  23. In this new Japanese Constitution, who held the power to make laws and declare war? Do you consider this a form of democracy? Why or why not, explain.
  24. Define the term "oligarchy."
  25. Give one example of the Japanese Meiji Oligarchy.
  26. List three economic reforms initiated by the Meiji Emperor:
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    2.
    3.
  27. List five ways in which the Japanese "Westernized" their country during this time period:
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  28. What does the artwork of this time period show you about how Japan was changing? Describe something you see in the work that was different from the art during the feudal period.
  29. What happened to the feudal class system supported by the Shogun? What changes were made?
  30. What was the purpose of the Iwakura Mission?
  31. What country did the Meiji Emperor attempt to emulate in the design of the government?
  32. What does the phrase "Fukoku Kyohei" mean?
  33. What changes did the Meiji Emperor make to Japan's military?
  34. What was the Satsuma Rebellion of 1877?
  35. Define the term "imperialism."
  36. List five important reasons that Japan became an imperialist power:
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    2.
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    5.
  37. What was the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895?
  38. What did this war mean to the imperialistic desires of Japan? What did this war symbolize to the world?
  39. When did the Russo-Japanese war occur?
  40. What land areas were being fought over between Japan and Russia?
  41. (Video) Which country had the superior army and navy during the Russo-Japanese war?
  42. What was the Treaty of Portsmouth of 1905?
  43. What was the final result of the Russo-Japanese war? Who won?
  44. (Video) What do the photos of the Meiji Era (1868-1912) show about Japan during this time period? Do you see changes from the feudal era? What is your overall impression of Japan from the photos?
  45. Imagine that you are a Japanese person watching events unfold in the 1850s and 1860s.  How might you react?  Do you see alternatives to the opening of your country to foreign trade?  Do you agree that in order to compete with the Western powers, your nation must begin to behave like the Western powers?  Explain in three or four sentences.